Mass balloon releases are illegal in South Africa

05 February 2016

One of the ways in which the National Environmental Management Act, 107 of 1998 (NEMA) gives effect to the environmental right in section 24 of the Constitution  is by imposing a duty of care on every person to take reasonable measures to avoid causing significant pollution or degradation of the environment (NEMA section 28).  The release of a large number of balloons simultaneously is  likely to  result in significant harm to the environment by endangering animals in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats.  It will also deposit litter across  the landscape in contravention of the National Environmental Management: Waste Act (section 27(2)) and municipal bylaws.

 

A person who intentionally or negligently fails to comply with the NEMA duty of care is liable upon conviction to a maximum fine of R10 million or 10 years imprisonment or both.  In addition to any penalty imposed under NEMA , any person  who litters, or allows a person under his or her control to litter, is liable to a maximum fine of R5 million  or 5 years imprisonment, or both,  under the Waste Act.




12 November 2017

Rights of Nature Tribunal in Bonn finds legals systems incapable of preventing climate change

Cormac Cullinan was a judge on the Tribunal, which heard seven cases from around the world which collectively demonstrated that global and national climate change commitments cannot be met without fundamental changes to the legal systems which legalise the activities that cause climate change and the destruction of the ecological systems on which life depends

09 November 2017

Meet our team – Tendai Bonga

A Zimbabwean, born and bred, Tendai has been admitted to the High Courts of both South Africa and Zimbabwe, and has experience practicing law in both countries.

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